Macintosh PowerBook 190 & 190cs

The PowerBook 190 and its companion PowerBook 190cs are laptop computers manufactured by Apple Computer as part of their PowerBook brand, introduced to the market in August 1995. The two models differ only in their screen: The 190 had a 9.5″ greyscale display, while the 190cs featured a 10.4″ color display. Apple’s target sales audience for this model was the college student in need of a no-frills portable computer. In terms of hardware, along with the PowerBook 150, the 190 has much in common with Apple’s “professional” laptop of the same period, the PowerBook 5300 series. In exchange for the cheaper price point (approximately US$2200 compared to over US$6000 for the cutting-edge PowerBook 5300ce), the 190 was equipped with a passive matrix LCD rather than a crisper active matrix screen. More significantly, while the 5300s ran PowerPC 603e processors at 100 or 117 MHz, the 190 had only a Motorola 68LC040 clocked at 33 MHz – in fact, the 190s were the last Macintoshes to use a 68k CPU. However, Apple offered a PPC upgrade for the 190, a heavily marketed selling point for all new 68040 Macs at the time. In addition, a rather cramped 500 MB IDE hard drive was standard, and factory models shipped with System 7.5.2. It is the only one of the 100 series PowerBooks that does not use the original 140 case design, thus was the only one to include a 68040 processor, a trackpad rather than the standard trackball, and along with the 150 the only ones to provide for more than 14MB RAM expansion and larger, less-expensive IDE drives. The 190 was the de facto replacement for the PowerBook 500 series, which was completely discontinued with the introduction of the 5300 and the only 68040-based PowerBook Apple offered.

Sales figures for the 190 are unavailable, but in any event it did not benefit from reports of “exploding battery syndrome,” where the similar 5300 factory-default lithium-ion battery could short-circuit and burst into flames. Apple quickly offered a recall on all such batteries. The PowerBook 190 series used a nickel metal hydride battery which did not exhibit this problem.

Production of the 190 halted in June 1996, while the 190cs was sold until October of that year, when it was replaced by the PowerBook 1400cs. With the discontinuation of the 190, Apple abandoned its market strategy of having two strata of laptops, instead offering low- and high-end configurations of the same model number. The concept would not return to Apple’s product lineup until the 1999 introduction of the consumer-oriented iBook.

History of Macintosh PowerBook 190 & 190cs is provided by Wikipedia

Macintosh PowerBook 190 & 190cs – General information

IntroducedAugust 1995
DiscontinuedJune 1996 (190)
October 1996 (190cs)
Model Identifier122
Model NumberM3047
Order NumberM3530LL/A
ColorsDark Grey
Weight6.0 Ibs. (190) / 6.3 Ibs. (190cs)
2.721 KG / 2.857 KG
Dimensions2” H x 11.5” W x 8.5” D
5.08 cm H x 29.21 cm W x 21.6 cm D
ProcessorMotorola 68LC040
Processor Speed33 MHz (External)
66 MHz (Internal)
Number of Cores1
System Bus33 MHz
Cache8 KB L1
Storage & Media
Storage500 MB
Media1 – 1.44 MB floppy
Built-in Memory4 MB
8 MB
Maximum Memory36 MB
40 MB
Memory Slots1 – PB 53xx
Minimum Speed70 ns
Interleaving SupportNo
Built-in Display9.5″ grayscale passive-matrix LCD
10.4″ color passive-matrix/dual-scan LCD
Resolutions640 x 480
Graphics CardOptional
Graphics Memory512 KB with optional Graphics Card
Display Connection1 – Mini-15 (Optional)
Expansion Slots2 – Type II or 1 – III PC Card
Hard Drive InterfaceIDE
Bays5.25-inch bay
SCSI1 – HDI-30
Floppy PortNone
Audio In1 – 3.5-mm analog input jack
1 – Built-in microphone
Audio Out1 – 3.5-mm analog output jack
1 – Built-in speaker
InfraredOptional Macintosh PowerBook Infrared Upgrade Kit
Display1 – Mini-15 (Optional)
Keyboard and trackpad
KeyboardBuilt-in 64-key (U.S.) or 64-key (ISO) 3.0-mm travel keyboard
TrackpadBuilt-in trackpad pointing device
Original OSSystem Software 7.5.2 (PowerBook 5300/190 Enabler v1.1)
Maximum OSMac OS 8.1
FirmwareMacintosh ROM
System BatteryNiMH (190)
16.8 V Lithium-Ion (190cs)
Backup BatteryUnknown
Maximum Continuous Power45 W
Line VoltageUnknown
Power AdapterUnknown

Source: Wikipedia, Wikimedia, Apple

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