Macintosh XL

On January 1st, 1985, Apple introduced the Macintosh XL, a powerful personal computer that was part of the Macintosh series. At a starting price of $9,995, the Macintosh XL was geared toward professionals and power users looking for a high-performance machine.

The Macintosh XL featured a 5 MHz Motorola 68000 processor, which was considered fast at the time. It also came with a 12″ monochrome display, 512 KB of RAM, 10 MB of hard drive storage, and a 400 KB floppy disk drive. These specs were impressive for the time and made the Macintosh XL a formidable machine for its day.

However, despite its impressive specs, the Macintosh XL was only available for a little over a year. On August 1st, 1986, Apple discontinued the Macintosh XL, making it a short-lived but notable addition to the Macintosh lineup. Today, 38 years after its discontinuation, the Macintosh XL remains a piece of Apple’s history and a reminder of the company’s early efforts to push the boundaries of personal computing.

Apple Macintosh XL
Source: wikimedia.org – Apple Macintosh XL

Macintosh XL Release Date and Original Price

IntroducedJanuary 1, 1985
DiscontinuedAugust 1, 1986
Model Identifier2
Model NumberUnknown
Original Price$9,995
ColorsBeige
Weight55 Ibs.
24.947 KG
Dimensions13.8” H x 18.5” W x 15.2” D
35.05 cm H x 47 cm W x 38.6 cm D

Tech Specs

ProcessorMotorola 68000
Processor Speed5 MHz
Architecture16-bit
Number of Cores1
CoprocessorNone
CacheNone
System Bus5 MHz
StorageBuilt-in 10 MB hard disk drive and optional
external 5 or 10 MB Apple ProFile hard disk drive
Built-in Memory512 KB
Maximum Memory2 MB
Memory Slots2 – Apple Lisa memory boards
Minimum Speed150 ns
ROM16 KB

Display

Built-in Display12″ monochrome display
Resolution720 x 364

Graphics

Graphics CardNone
Graphics MemoryNone

Software

Original OSMacWorks XL (support for up to System Software 1.1)
Maximum OSMacWorks Plus II (support for up to System 7.5.5)
FirmwareN/A

Connections

ModemNone
EthernetNone
ADBNone
SCSINone
Serial2 – RS-232C
1 – DE-9
Parallel1 – D-25
Audio InNone
Audio Out1 – Built-in speaker
Floppy PortNone
Display1 – RCA composite video output
Expansion Slots3 – Apple Lisa expansion slots
MediaBuilt-in 400 KB 3.5-inch floppy disk drive

Accessories

Keyboard76-key Selectric-style, detached keyboard with 10-key pad

Power

Backup Battery4.8 V NICAD or None
Maximum Continuous Power150 W
Line Voltage115 or 230V AC

References:
Apple Support – Macintosh XL: Technical Specifications

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